Persistent depressive disorder vs major depressive disorder – Depression is mental health problem that can affect many people in this world. People experience this problem in different ways. Depression also has different types. Depression type you have helps in deciding medical treatment you should get. According to DSM, the most common types of depression are persistent depressive disorder (PDD) and major depressive disorder (MDD)
People who have major depressive disorder (MDD) usually suffer from sadness, emptiness and despair for at least two weeks. MDD is a serious disease that can affect your health seriously. If you have MDD, you may not be able to enjoy the activities that you found enjoyable, and you may have difficulty in eating the food, work, sleep and connecting. In some cases, the symptoms and journey of this disorder vary considerably from normal. This can occur because of certain behavior or other factors. The MDD can be a loop, or may continue, or may be repeated.
If we discuss persistent depressive disorder vs major depressive disorder, we will find two differences. Persistent depressive disorder is known as depression or low depression, is less severe than severe depression but more chronic. Persistent depressive disorder is a serious mental disorder. It has many symptoms. The PDD is called as dysthymia in the previous version of DSM.
PDD is characterized by a depressed mood that faces most of the time for at least two years. In children and adolescents, mood can be more easily depressed. In addition to depression or nervous mood, you must have at least two of the following: excessive sleep, insomnia or low energy or fatigue, low self-esteem, excessive eating, poor appetite poor concentration and despair. PDD may occur alone or in combination with mood or other psychiatric disorders. For example, more than half of people with PDD will experience at least one episode of severe depression. This condition is known as double depression. Compared to people with major depressive disorder, people with PDD are more likely to develop anxiety disorders and substance use.
The main sign of someone who have persistent depressive disorder is feeling sad, occurs most of the day. Although the exact cause is unknown, PDD appears to have its roots in a range of genetic, environmental, biochemical and psychological factors. In addition, chronic stress and shock can induce PDD. Stress is believed to impair a person’s ability to regulate mood and prevent moderate grief from deepening and perpetuating. Social conditions, especially isolation and lack of social support, also contribute to the development of PDD.
Many people who suffer from persistent depressive disorder (PDD) do not get the care they need; in many cases they only see a family doctor, who often fails to diagnose the disorder. Part of the problem is that people with PDD believe that their symptoms are an inevitable part of life. Like acute depression, PDD can be treated with supportive therapies that provide assurance, education, empathy and development. That is all about persistent depressive disorder vs major depressive disorder.