Pathophysiology of Major Depressive Disorder

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Pathophysiology of Major Depressive Disorder

pathophysiology of major depressive disorder – Pathophysiology attempts to explain functional changes that occur in the individual due to illness or disease. Pathophysiology may also mean functional changes caused by illness or injury. Pathophysiology of major depressive disorder refers to changes made to the body due to severe depression. At least, this is usually called when someone talks about pathophysiology of major depressive disorder. However, there is another definition of the same term; that is a change in the mental condition of a person that leads to major depressive disorder.

Medical professionals have not yet identified a specific cause of severe depression. Instead, they have decided that there are several reasons for this condition. One of the main areas of interest when it comes to the cause of a particular form of depression is the common chemical imbalance that may occur in the brain. Medical professionals also believe that family history and environment plays a role in the development of major depressive disorders. If someone have family with history of major depressive disorder or bad environment, there is a possibility if he will be affected by this condition too. This will be one example of pathophysiology of major depressive disorder. So when we think of where to discuss when pathophysiology of major depressive disorder, we think about how to avoid serious medical development by treating it with right treatment.  Fortunately, there are some ways to treat major depressive disorder. Here are some very powerful treatments for major depression disorders:

  1. Psychotherapy

It involves meeting with a licensed medical expert to determine the underlying cause of depression if it is caused by surrounding effect, heredity or chemical imbalance. With the help of your doctor you may be able to help identify the thoughts and attitudes that contribute to the feeling of depression.

  1. Antidepressants

Medicines are trying to help people suffering from depression by trying to normalize the imbalance in the chemical balance in the individual. Antidepressants are effective enough to help relieve mood disorders, but most users report dependency and ultimately strong addiction to stimulants.

  1. ECT

This type of treatment involves putting in heavy anesthesia while an electric current is sent through the patient’s brain, using the electrodes that are connected through the temple. This leads to electrical current seizures in patients. The result is a number of changes in brain waves and the possibility of alleviating depression. When the patient wakes up, short-term side effects are: nausea, transient confusion, muscle stiffness and headache. This type of treatment is still under observation of any long term side effects on the brain that are not yet clear but are said to cause memory loss in some patients.

These are the treatments we can try to treat major depressive disorder. However, the result of every treatment is different for every people depend on the level of depression. The doctor usually will hold some physical test before determining the right treatment for you. Remember, that this treatment is important to take, so the development of major depressive disorder episode can be prevented. That is all about pathophysiology of major depressive disorder.

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