Major depression with psychotic features is a serious condition that needs right treatment by mental or medical health workers. Major depression disorder is a common mental disorder that can affect many areas of our life. It affects mood and behavior as well as various physical functions, including sleep and appetite. People with this kind of depression often lose interest in their activities and have difficulty performing daily activities. Sometimes, even feel that life is not worth living.
There are two major depressions with psychotic features. Both hallucinations and delusions exist, but the person may have major depressive disorders with mood incongruent psychotic features or mood congruent psychotic features. Major depressive disorders with mood congruent psychotic features include feelings of personal lack of value, incompetence or guilt. In addition, mood incongruent psychotic features do not involve a typical depression theme. Some people may also experience a mixture of mood incongruent and mood congruent themes in their hallucinations and illusions. The symptoms of this type are very serious, because delusions and hallucinations can be frightening and can increase the risk of suicide. Rapid diagnosis and treatment is very important to prevent someone from hurting himself or others.
People that suffer from psychotic depression have some symptoms include fatigue, difficulty in concentrating, irritability, social isolation, lost interest in activities, sleeps too much or too little, weight loss or sudden weight loss and changes in appetite. Other symptoms of psychosis include false beliefs, misconceptions, hallucinations, or hearing something that actually don’t exist around them.
The exact cause of major depression with psychotic features is unknown. However, people with a family or history of personal psychological disorders are more likely to develop psychotic depression. This condition can occur alone or with other psychiatric conditions. Genes and stress combination also could be the cause of the production of some chemicals in the brain. It can be one of factors that cause to the development of major depression with psychotic features. Mental disorders can also occur by changes in the balance of hormones in the body.
There is currently no treatment approved specifically for psychosis depression. However, this mental problem can be treated with the help of antipsychotic drugs, antidepressants or therapy. Like other mental disorders, people and their families should discuss all treatment options with a health care provider or mental health professional.
Most doctors will describe some antipsychotics and antidepressants. These drugs may affect neurotransmitters in our brain that are often unbalanced in people affected by psychotic depression. Some people with mental depression may not respond to drugs as well as others. In this case, ECT may be necessary to relieve the symptoms. Also known as electro shock therapy, ECT has been proven as a safe and effective treatment for people with suicidal thoughts and depressive symptoms of psychosis. During electroshock therapy, which is generally performed by a psychiatrist, a controlled amount of electricity is sent to the brain. This creates a slight spasm, which affects the level of neurotransmitters in your brain. ECT is usually performed in hospitals under general anesthesia. That is all about major depression with psychotic features